Scales: Mermaids Are Real

Cover of Scales: Mermaids are Real

Scales: Mermaids Are Real is a movie available on Netflix.  I can’t begin to express my confusion and hate for this entire movie. I watched it about 2 weeks ago with my sister and I am still utterly confused. My sister even agrees with me that this is one of the worst movies we’ve ever laid our eyes on. You can tell that this movie is probably low budget and none of the actors are very good. This whole movie seems very forced and none of the characters seem like they are actually living this.

            Scales also has many plot holes; random things will come in and are then never addressed again. Questions such as: who are those random mean girls that had maybe two lines in one scene? Who is Siren’s dad? Why can this girl heal people? Scales never answers any of the questions that it presents to you. Besides this, this movie presents a few negative stereotypes. The blonde woman is the stupid girl that is just having a good time and the only black character is the bad person.

            Besides all this, this movie is maybe a little too graphic for being PG. It includes lots of angry men attempting to murder the mermaids. There are also multiple kidnapping attempts and the very end of the movie is what has me so confused. The main character Siren has powers (which aren’t really explained) and apparently this gives her the ability to control water. So, she is able to um … rip people apart. The human body is made of 65% water apparently so this means that she can take people apart.

            The end of the movie is a bit violent as Siren rips the man apart using his molecules or something. Just his clothes remain and she just walks over them like this didn’t happen. The mermaids essentially party on his clothes.  I would not let any young children watch this movie. It is not a fun mermaid movie.  

            Overall, I would say this is just a really bad movie. It could have been good but the way the directors carried it out and the scripting of the entire movie was just horrendous. I would say don’t watch it unless you want to see for yourself how bad it really is.

            I’d rate this movie a 2.5/10.

Rosa Parks Compare and Contrast

Picture of Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks is a hero no matter where you look, but some stories can compare and contrast. For example, the article, “Rosa Parks: My Story” and the film that features Rosa Parks. A specific difference seen in the film and left out of the article was Rosa’s profession as a seamstress. When she was at work, she saw a little colored boy who wanted to try shoes on. A quote that she remembered from her childhood in the film when she saw that boy was, “colored people can’t try shoes on in the store.” What they would do instead is trace their shoes or feet on a piece of paper or cardboard and they couldn’t try shoes on because the whites didn’t want them to “Contaminate” them. This shows that more of Rosa’s life was seen in the movie.

Also, why Rosa was tired, not just that she was tired, like in the article. This describes how unfair it was back then and why she was done with it. Another difference from the story that wasn’t seen in the movie, is that the colored man sitting next to Rosa got up the second time the bus driver asked. Whereas, in the movie the man got up as soon as the driver asked. This explains how, in the text more people and more people stuck with Rosa before getting up.

In the movie, she looks more determined and fearless. That is because her facial expressions can be seen and not just described. On the other hand, they are very similar in many ways, they both have the same general concept but there are more in-depth similarities. For example, both the story and the film had Rosa having a flashback of her grandfather and her talking about the unfair treatment to colored people. This shows her early discretion for “whites.” She mentions in both the article and film how much she hated them. So, Rosa grew up feeling less than others and knew she had to act like it in front of whites to stay safe in both the article and movie.

Another similarity is that the police officer didn’t know why colored people were treated so badly. This explains how people just did as they were told without a single question. The white people were too scared to oppose what they were taught because they were always told that they were the best and the colored people couldn’t do anything that they could. That makes things even more unfair which was found in both the text and movie. Rosa was described as calm and collective in both, which is seen in this part a lot. Overall, the film and story portraying Rosa Parks’ adventure were similar and different in many ways, including that one showed more of Rosa’s life, the other had more people stick with her, both had Rosa’s flashback, and both had the officer that just did as he was told. 

Review of the Starcatchers Series by Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson

The Starcatchers series, written by Dave Barry and Ridley Pearson, includes Peter and the Starcatchers, Peter and the Shadow Thieves, Peter and the Secret of Rundoon, Peter and the Sword of Mercy, and The Bridge to Never Land. The books revolve around a mysterious substance called “starstuff”, a fantastically powerful material that transfigures everything it touches and bestows incredible power upon those who know how to use it. For thousands of years, batches of starstuff have fallen from the heavens to Earth, igniting a covert but desperate struggle between those who wish to protect its power and those who wish to wield it. For as long as starstuff has fallen to Earth, a secret organization of people who call themselves the Starcatchers have dedicated their lives to keeping the powerful starstuff out of the hands of the Others, untold evil forces that are both human and unearthly.

The dangerous struggle for control of Earth’s limited supply of starstuff throws Peter, a young orphan boy, and Molly Aster, the daughter of a prominent family of Starcatchers, together as they’re forced to defend themselves and their loved ones from greedy pirates, ruthless agents of the Others, and horrifying creatures of the shadows. Lives are changed forever as the fantastic power of the starstuff draws an unsuspecting Peter into a world he never knew existed, ensuring that both he and a certain island will never be the same again.

This series has been a favorite of mine for many years, and even as a teenager I like to return to the world of the Starcatchers every once in a while to revisit the story and characters. The books provide an amazingly imaginative origin story for Peter Pan‘s characters while at the same time weaving a new action-packed tale featuring lovable characters. The authors really made the familiar features of Peter Pan their own, and in every book they added another clue to leading to how events and characters of the play ended up the way we know them.

The books are all told in third-person point of view, switching between following the journeys of certain characters throughout each book. The chapters vary in length because of this, allowing the action to move along at varying paces as the authors switch between one character’s “point of view” to another. This technique does a great job of making the plot and tone feel more urgent in action scenes as the sections grow shorter and the narration moves swiftly from one aspect/view of an event to another happening simultaneously. This is also crucial to the layout of the books as each one (except the last book, The Bridge to Never Land) includes multiple plot lines taking place at the same time, though they usually converge at some point. There’s always a lot going on in this series, and it all ends up becoming connected by the end of each book.

What really stands out in this series are the characters. The authors do a wonderful job of making them come to life in colorful ways, both their original characters and those present in Peter Pan. Even the characters from the original play seem made anew, fitting seamlessly into the world the authors created. The writing is heartfelt and often funny, and the books always leave readers wanting to know more about what happened next. Following the journeys of the many different characters is an important part of what keeps readers interested, as well as the adventurous plots that the reader would never want to come to an end.

In addition to the books, a Tony-Award-winning play was also adapted from the original novel, Peter and the Starcatchers, titled almost the same– Peter and the Starcatcher. The play is unique in many ways– rather than using an elaborate set and special effects, it’s famously simple and uses an aesthetic designed to appear as if everything was sort of cobbled together out of found objects, such as from a shipwreck. Traditionally, a small cast of about a dozen actors plays nearly a hundred different roles, and the entire cast works together to act as narrators and to portray scenery. For example — the first half of the story takes place on a ship, and rather than using an enormous set piece, the play uses a few simple props to represent rooms and corridors, like stretching a rope in different ways to show a cramped room or a low crawlspace. It’s a little hard to describe, but the effect is amazing and truly unique. The play is heartfelt and extremely funny, and is a popular production for amateur theatre companies (especially high schools) to perform due to its versatility.

I would highly recommend the Starcatchers series, especially to young readers looking for their next fantasy adventure series.

Super Bowl LIV: 49ers vs Chiefs

Image of a football on grass

I will be analyzing the upcoming Super Bowl game between the San Fransisco 49ers and the Kansas City Chiefs and if this gets published after the Super Bowl, let’s see how accurate I was.

First off, when looking between these two teams, it’s easy to say that they are the best in the NFL and deserve to be in the Super Bowl. But there are a few noticeable distinctions in which I have noticed that set them apart.


49ers: When you think of the 49ers you think of the strongest defensive line in the National Football League and that one guy Jimmy Garrapolo right? Well, you shouldn’t. San Fransisco has one of the most dominant offenses and especially run schemes right now. Raheem Mostert has been going off lately and with a strong performance from the offensive line gained an astounding 220 yards and 4 touchdowns on the ground. If the 49ers can keep this up, there’s no way of stopping them in winning their 6th Super Bowl title. They have huge playmakers like George Kittle, Emmanuel Sanders, Deebo Samuel in the passing game but sometimes lack in getting open or catching passes. All and all, the Niners have a great offensive scheme coached by Kyle Shanahan which sets them up for huge play-action pass gains down the field.

Chiefs: Down 24-0 in the 1st quarter, KC rallied back to score 51 points against the Texans and their offense hasn’t slowed down since. Andy Reid has some unbelievable players on the offensive side. A man who needs no introduction, Patrick Mahomes and his rocket for an arm with 294 yards passing and 4 touchdowns in the AFC Championship game. They have one of the fastest players in the league in Tyreek Hill and a great tight end in Travis Kelce. They also have wide receivers like Sammy Watkins who fly under the radar but will burn you in their routes. One thing I feel lacking is their run game with Damien Williams with only 45 yards rushing and 2.6 yards per carry.

Offensive Winner: Although the 49ers offense has been dominating other teams, I don’t feel like they can run the ball over this KC defense who were able to stop Derrick Henry. Jimmy Garroppolo has also barely thrown any passes the past two playoff games and I’m worried the rust will show as it did for Lamar Jackson. Therefore, the Chiefs win in this department. This is definitely a close match up considering the Niners have been unstoppable on defense and the Chiefs haven’t gone against great defensive teams.

Defenses: I’m gonna cut this one short. Even though Tyrann Mathieu has been outstanding in rallying one of the worst defensive teams into a better unit, they’re still not that great. They gave up 24 points to the Titans and 31 to the Texans. The 49ers only allowed 30 points in their last two games and have come up with tons of turnovers. They’ve had 3 interceptions, 9 sacks and made the Green Bay Packers fumbled 3 times! This choice is clear with Nick Bosa, Dee Ford, Arik Armstead, and Richard Sherman that they have a better defense. But one thing the 49ers need to look out for is Emmanuel Moseley. He has been playing good, but can he play that level against such a great offensive team is the question.

So defensive juggernaut vs an unstoppable offense. Who wins? I believe that even though Jimmy G. hasn’t thrown the ball, it’ll be up to him to win the game and he will do so with a last-second game-winning drive to seal it.

Super Bowl Winner: 24-21, 49ers come out on top for 6th super Bowl Title is what I would predict.

Giri/Haji – A Review

Giri/Haji is a 2019 Netflix original crime drama that focuses on a detective from Tokyo that travels to London to track down his ex-Yakuza brother. Whew. That sounds exciting, but wait, there’s more! Even beyond it’s incredible story and characters, the way the show is presented is full of creativity and originality. For once, you really, truly won’t find a show like this anywhere else.

The story takes place simultaneously is Tokyo and London, and as a result utilizes both the Japanese and English languages. I’d say the story spends more time in London, and in English, but it’s fairly even, since there are quite a few full Japanese conversations while in London. The story is full of twists and turns, even within it’s short 8 episode run. Personally, I found the story absolutely enthralling. Plus, the way it is told was a unique experience for me. Most of the show is shot in the usual live action sense, but there are snippets of 2D animation (which looks fantastic!) and even a totally unexpected but killer interpretive dance scene. The show’s creator, writer, and executive producer, Joe Barton, said, “I’ve never had one of my TV shows greenlit before, it felt mad that we were being allowed to make this show at all and I wanted to throw everything at it, just in case they never let me make another one.” The sheer creativity and number of brilliant ideas in this show is insane! The last few scenes of episode 4 were so phenomenal that I thought the show had peaked there, but it just kept getting better! It’s some of the best television I’ve ever seen. The comedic, serious, and highly emotional scenes are balanced better than any other show I can remember, and I’ve watched a lot of TV.

The show’s main focus is on family, redemption, and morality. When do you let someone, or something, go? How much can you forgive someone for? How far will you go for your family, and does being family even demand you to act at all?

Giri/Haji itself means, in Japanese, “Duty/Shame”. These ideas are important to keep in mind as you meet each character. Each of them has a duty – to their family, to their jobs, and to themselves. They also each have shame, either because of something they did in the past, something that is currently occurring in their lives, or something that happens during the show, sometimes even a mix of all three! To understand the characters of this show, you must understand how duty and shame relate to each of them.

The show has a fairly big cast, seeing as it focuses on two of the world’s biggest and most influential cities, but the show manages to stay personal with its very human and very real characters. First we have our main lead, Kenzo Mori (Takehiro Hira), a world-weary Tokyo detective that travels to London to find his brother, risking a huge and destructive gang war back home if he doesn’t. There’s also Yuto Mori (Yōsuke Kubozuka), Kenzo’s ex-Yakuza brother who was thought to be dead. Our other main lead is alienated London detective Sarah Weitzmann (Kelly Macdonald). The show also features a drug addict half-Japanese half-British rent boy named Rodney Yamaguchi (Will Sharpe), who befriends Sarah, Kenzo, and even Taki Mori (Aoi Okuyama), Kenzo’s rebellious daughter who runs away from her home in Japan to follow her father across the globe. That’s the main crew in London, alongside the mafia that’s present there, while the story in Tokyo focuses on Kenzo’s family, which is slowly falling apart, and his coworkers who are trying desperately to prevent a war between the Yakuza.

The acting in this show is incredible, as actors navigate both their native and a foreign language, as well as the cultures that accompany them, on top of the already complicated emotions and characters they need to portray. The acting in this show is some of the best I’ve ever seen, and when something’s as good as this, it can’t really be put into words. It needs to be watched.

In short, this show has a lot to offer, and those expecting something simple or genre-specific from it would be wrong. It’s not a traditional crime show, and it’s not a traditional thriller. It’s not a traditional romance, and it’s not a traditional drama. This show really isn’t a traditional anything – it is nothing if not stylistically bold. It’s not wrapped in metaphors and symbolism in an art film way though – it’s unique, creative, and downright spectacular. In fact, I’d given it a confident 10/10.

This show really flew under the radar – I’ve hardly heard anyone talk about it, both this year and last. It is undoubtedly the most underrated show I’ve ever seen, and a true hidden gem. So it feels like my duty to recommend this show to everyone. It’s got some mature themes, but nothing anyone over the age of 15 can’t handle. For now the show only has one season, with the ending leaving room for a second but not needing it. Giri/Haji is only available on Netflix in the US and most other countries, but is also available on BBC in the UK.

The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas

Cover of The Hate U Give

This book was really good, it is now one of my favorites ever. It has some really good points about things that are still present in today’s society. The Hate U Give also discusses racism and how it can affect the people that it is directed to. I would definitely give this a look if I were you.

            The Hate U Give starts off with Starr.  She is an African-American girl going to a party with her sister. However, a fight starts and Starr and Khalil leave, a friend she hasn’t seen in a while. They are driving along the road when they are pulled over by a cop. Khalil asks why he was pulled over, and instead of answering, the cop pulls him out of the car and attempts to arrest Khalil. Starr gets out and Khalil asks if she is okay. When she is about to answer, Khalil gets shot 3 times by the cop. The whole story blossoms out from here. We learn about Starr and Khalil’s friendship, more about what happened to Khalil and more about Starr’s background.

            We see a lot of her friends and where she goes to school. It’s a fancy private school which is a cause of teasing and sometimes anger among some people. While reading the book, you witness protests and fights between Starr and her friends and people at large. Starr goes through a lot of things such as being interrogated and going to court. She meets new people that help her and old friends that don’t.

            As I stated previously, this is now one of my favorite books. It talks about things like racism and helps you get a better idea of how it impacts people. Such as part of the main idea of this book, cops are let off if they kill a black person just because they felt “threatened”. As you could see in this book, the cop wasn’t ever in danger, the supposed “gun” was just a hairbrush that Khalil was carrying in his car. You can feel for Starr and what is happening to her even if it has never happened to you. I would definitely recommend reading this book.

The Lighthouse – Movie Review

Cover of movie, The Lighthouse

I personally never saw Robert Eggers’ debut “The Witch”, mainly because 1. I couldn’t, and 2. I had no interest in it. However, I remember seeing the first trailer for this movie on a late night in early August, and it looked great. The tone, the cinematography, everything. So does this film live up to the trailers? For the most part, yeah.

What I really love about this movie is just how odd it is. I mean, it makes sense, as or two main characters slowly lose their sanity, to the point where they forget their names. It is a film that really dives deep into the message of psychology, and how easy it is for people in horrible situations to slowly slip away.

This film also has some humor. It’s very dark humor, and honestly some people may just be put off by it rather than give them a chuckle. However, I love dark humor, so this was a big plus plus for me.

The performances here are incredible. William Dafoe and Robert Pattinson did a remarkable job. It truly felt like I was watching two guys slowly lose their sanity.

I should also mention the cinematography and score. The movie feels like a early 1900’s film, with the bone-chilling score from Mark Korven making the movie that more unsettling.

Review: The Lighthouse is an excellent fusion of psychological horror and a dark buddy comedy.

Score: 9/10

Next month’s review is undetermined due to delays and cancellations of lots of movies, however I will think of something.

This is starwarsguy124, signing out.

Paper Towns by John Green

Cover of book, Paper Towns

This book has been recommended to me numerous times by multiple people. Besides the Fault in our Stars, this is the only other John Green book that has been recommended to me (although I have read most of his books and would suggest all of them.) This is definitely one of his best books by far. I would classify it as a mystery book. One of the main characters goes missing, she has done this before, so the other characters expect that she has left them some kind of clue to find her.

            The ending is a plot twist because the characters do things differently than what most people think they were going to do. One of the good things about this John Green book is that nobody dies (I’m still getting over the Fault in Our Stars). Anyway, I think this was a really good book. It had a lot of character development.

            You will constantly swing between whether or not you like a certain character because John Green manages to capture the fact that people have good and bad sides. All of the characters are also very unique and all of them are pretty unforgettable. Paper Towns has a good plot and is a pretty easy read.  It doesn’t take much time and you will leave feeling happy and probably surprised too when you are done with it.

            The title name is obscure enough that you are like “Huh, this sounds interesting.” And it is. However, John Green connects it well and you can see why the book was called Paper Towns. Depending on the book, the illustration for the cover is cool too because it also connects to both the title and the plot.

            All in all, I really enjoyed this book. It is one of my favorite John Green books and it was very well written. Besides the Fault in Our Stars, I would recommend this as the John Green book to read!

            I would give this a 9/10.

The Untamed – A Review

Publicity poster from The Untamed

The Untamed is a 2019 web drama that is also available to stream on Netflix. It’s based on the Chinese novel Mo Dao Zu Shi, or Grandfather of Demonic Cultivation in English. The drama runs for 50 episodes and is entirely in Chinese, so anyone who doesn’t speak Chinese will need to view it with subtitles. But even with the language barrier, this show is phenomenal.

The story, which takes place in Ancient China, revolves around our main character, Wei Wuxian, a young and talented cultivator, which is someone who uses both sword fighting techniques and magic/talismans to keep demons, ghosts, and monsters from harming the living. He lived a life before and is remembered as the Yiling Patriarch, who was able to control the dead and make them fight for him by playing a flute. The Yiling Patriarch was supposed to have died 16 years ago, and Wei Wuxian is the most shocked when he reappears in the world, faced with both a new mystery and the faces of his past.

Now that sounds exciting enough as a premise, but I did call the show a drama, and not an action or fantasy show, because that’s really what it is. “The Untamed” focuses much more on its very human characters, their relationships, and the choices they have to make. There are sword fights here and there, big action packed battles, full on wars, mystery and detective elements, but that’s not the main focus. The show asks questions about what is right, what is wrong, when is the right time to follow your heart, when is the right time to put family first, and what making choices can force you to sacrifice. Each character’s actions send ripples into their world, affecting both the political world and their personal relationships. The story is really one of the strongest things about the show. It gave me my fair share of laughs and smiles, but it also gave me a lot of tears. The story, while it has its happy and playful moments, is often tragic, but it earns it.

The characters, although they live in both a time and place much different from ours, are relatable and empathetic. From the cheerful Wei Wuxian, to his hotheaded brother Jiang Cheng, to the quiet and reserved Lan Wangji, and even to the straight up psychopathic mass murder Xue Yang, they all seem very, very human. They all have a story. The way they interact with each other, on personal, political, and indirect levels, is really the heart of the show. You get to watch relationships be built, and you get to watch them slowly fall apart. There’s a very wide cast of characters, but they’re all distinct, even with the similar qualities that each clan shares! You won’t have a hard time remembering who each character is, even if you have to juggle 3 names for almost all of them.

The acting in this show is absolutely amazing. All the characters seem very real, and no performance seems either phony or over the top. Xiao Zhan, who plays the main character Wei Wuxian, does a great job with line delivery, facial expressions, and body language. He sells both Wei Wuxian’s highs and his lows. His acting really made the character! Another stellar performance was put on by Wang Yibo, who played Lan Wangji. Lan Wangji is a man of few words and even fewer faces. He hardly talks and mainly keeps a straight face. However Wang Yibo was able to portray his hidden emotions with small but noticeable changes in his voice and body language, and his very, very subtle facial expressions. It’s a big challenge to convincingly portray the silent and non-emoting type, but Wang Yibo is able to do it! He never looks uninspired or boring- there’s always something going on beneath the surface. The other actor I wanted to shout out was Zhu Zanjin, who plays Meng Yao. Meng Yao is a very … complicated character. There’s a lot going on with him, and there’s quite a few changes he goes through. However Zhu Zanjin was able to capture each and every of the many facets of his character spectacularly! I can’t say much without giving something away, so you’ll have to take my word on this one. He’s great.

The set design was also fantastic in this show! Each set is detailed, and each region has personality, usually corresponding to the cultivation clan that rules that area. The show features many shots of the forests, mountains, and overall scenery of (ancient) China, which was a joy to see!

I do have two complaints with the show. The first is with the special effects. The actual, done on set effects are fine, but some of the CGI is a bit … off. It’s not terrible, and not very distracting, but you can definitely tell it’s not real. I get that that’s kind of obvious when someone’s holding a lightning whip, but CGI in the modern era is typically much more refined. Again, it wasn’t too distracting and the CGI/magic isn’t the main appeal of the series anyway, so it’s all forgivable.

My second complaint is that the episodes sometimes just kind of end, right in the middle of scenes or in awkward places, like they couldn’t find a better place. Normally you can tell when an episode is going to end, but it often came out of the blue for this show. It sort of makes sense, since it was a web series and often two episodes would be put out at the same time, but it’s a bit jarring when you’re binging it, like I did. Still, it wasn’t a huge detractor from the show.

Overall, I’d give this show a 9/10! I recommend it to everyone over a certain age. The show features some mature themes (mentioned, not shown) and quite a bit of violence during the fight scenes (blood, stabbing, and other graphic scenes are shown). It doesn’t have an official rating in the US, but I’d give it a PG-13 rating, maybe a bit older for some kids. It’s really nothing terrible, but it might be rough on the squeamish. But aside all that, I think everyone should give the show a shot! It gets continually better as it progresses, as it’s strongest aspects are the characters and their relationships, which both take time to build and explore.

So, if you’ve got Netflix, are OK with subtitles, and aren’t squeamish, definitely give this show a whirl! It’ll play with your heart strings and you’ll love every minute of it.

Maniac Magee Review #1

In the book “Maniac Magee” a little white boy named Jeffrey Magee is accepted into a black family called the Beales. This affected them by how he did all the chores, untied Hester and Lester’s shoe laces, and did something nobody has ever even come close to doing. In the middle of the book, Jeffrey gets the nick name Maniac Magee because he could do all these crazy things that everyone couldn’t believe. His legend was well known throughout the town, the unthinkable was thinkable and the impossible was suddenly possible for him. 

First of all, as stated in the text on pages 45-46, “He carried out the trash, mowed the grass, cleaned up his own spills, turned out the lights, flushed the toilet.”. This explains that he did a lot of the little things that make a big difference. Also, he was very organized, neat, and responsible, so Mrs. Beale didn’t have to scrub as much. Jeffrey was well rounded except his one weakness, school, he quit at a very young age. 

Secondly, in the book, “Maniac took over the endless, thankless job of untying Hester and Lester’s sneaker knots” (page 46). This proves that Maniac was very skilled at using his fingers to keep steady and untie knots. So, he could do it quickly and efficiently, as a matter of fact faster than anyone could in the East or the West End. That way no one else had to destroy their fingers, which is why kids came from all over to have him untie their shoes. 

Finaly, stated by the author, Jerry Spinelli on page 73, “Cobbles knot was dead. Undone. It was nothing but string.” Cobbles knot was a giant knot that looked untieable until Maniac showed up, he was the first and only one to untie it. The prize was free pizza each week for a year and since Maniac was allergic to pizza, the Beales got it. The entire time Maniac was untying this knot Amanda, Hester, and Lester stayed to cheer him on because they believed in him. 

In conclusion, the Beale family was greatly affected when the little white boy by the name of Maniac Magee joined it. This is shown through all the chores he did, untying Hester and Lester’s shoe laces, and untying the greatest knot ever. So, he was a maniac that could not be stopped by anything because he has faith in himself.