“Yea son. Be careful for what you wish for because you are bound to regret some of the things you think you want at the moment,” Dr. Fleming said.
Suddenly, the ceiling lights in the room swung rapidly. Cracks appeared in the ground beneath their feet. Roni got very nervous, but Dr. Fleming kept on talking as if nothing was happening.
“Do you not feel the earthquake?” Roni asked shakily to Dr. Fleming.
“What earthquake? Now, tell me son, what are other physical and chemical properties of penicillin?” questioned Dr. Fleming. Before Roni could answer, the room swirled before him and he felt himself fainting again.
“Honey! Wake up,” Roni heard his grandma’s voice, “you are having a nightmare!” Roni slowly opened his brown eyes and was relieved to see that he was back in home under his blankets. He was even happier to see his grandma looking down at him. He gave her a hug.
“Jeez, that nightmare must have been bad,” his grandma said.
“Grandma, what are other physical and chemical properties of Penicillin?” Roni questioned his grandma.
“Hmm, let’s see. Penicillin is slightly soluble, odorless, and crystalline powder looking. Why?” Roni’s grandma asked.
The final stage of the Hero’s Journey, according to Vogler, is the returned of the hero to the Ordinary World. The hero returns bringing an Elixir or a lesson they have learned throughout their adventure. Dorothy wakes in her bed, back in Kansas, and feels as if she has become a different girl then who she was when she had left. She returns from her journey with the self-confidence in who she is. She also brings home the lesson of “there is no place like home”, for she has learned that however far over the rainbow she goes, she will always wish for the comfort and love she receives from her family. “no place like home — there’s no place like home — no place — … Dorothy. Dorothy, dear. It’s Aunt Em, darling. … Oh, Auntie Em — it’s you! … Yes, darling. … She got quite a bump on the head — we kinda thought there for a minute she was going to leave us. … But I did leave you, Uncle Henry — that’s just the trouble. And I tried to get back for days and days. … There, there, lie quiet now. You just had a bad dream. … No, Aunt Em — this was a real, truly live place. And I remember that some of it wasn’t very nice…. but most of it was beautiful. But just the same, all I kept saying to everybody was, I want to go home. And they sent me home. Oh, but anyway, Toto, we’re home! Home! And this is my room — and you’re all here! And I’m not going to leave here ever, ever again, because I love you all! And — Oh, Auntie Em — there’s no place like home! (2:15:26-2:16:06, Wizard of Oz).”
Compared to the story of Beowulf, the hero returns to Geatland, the Ordinary World to the hero, with the Elixir, or rewards. “Then the earls’ defender furnished the hero with twelve treasures and told him to set out, sail with those gifts safely home to the people he loved, but to return promptly. And so the good and grey-haired Dane, that high-born king, kissed Beowulf and embraced his neck, then broke down in sudden tears. Two forebodings disturbed him in his wisdom, but one was stronger: nevermore would they meet each other face to face. And such was his affection that he could not help being overcome: his fondness for the man was so deep founded, it warmed his heart and wound the heartstrings tight in his breast. The embrace ended and Beowulf, glorious in his gold regalia, stepped the green earth. Straining at anchor and ready for boarding, his boat awaited him. So they went on their journey, and Hrothgar’s generosity was praised repeatedly, (Heaney 1876- 1886).” The scene above not only supports Vogler’s idea of Returning with the Elixir, but also Meeting with the Mentor. The emotion between Hrothgar and Beowulf represent the bond represented between a parent in a child, as Vogler had stated previously.
According to Christopher Vogler, the hero of a story, takes twelve different steps to set the story forward, The twelve steps written out by Vogler are The Ordinary World, the Call to the Adventure the Refusal of the Call, Meeting with the Mentor, Crossing the Threshold, Tests, Allies, Enemies, Approach to the Inmost Cave, the Ordeal, the Reward, The Road Back, Resurrection, and the Return with the Elixir. The twelve steps of the “Hero’s Journey” are taken in the film The Wizard of Oz, and in the story Beowulf. As the different hero’s make their way through their “Special World”, they encounter people and challenges that cause the story to drive itself. For example, the Ordeal leaves the audience thinking and in suspense. The phases of the Hero’s Journey push the story in the direction the author wishes for it to move.
“We came into the woods for a reason,” he said. “It’s like when you got injured, the part of me focused on our goal faded into the background. But . . .”
Andrea’s mind exploded with a new thought: The cure. The cure. The cure.
“We came here for a cure,” she whispered. “And we’re not leaving without it.”
“But how?” he asked.
“Well, naturally, we can ask Verna,” she smiled, feeling better already. They could. They really could.
“Verna!” Darian called. The Zahteva rushed into the room, a panicked look on her face.
“What? What’s wrong?” she asked.
Darian looked her straight in the eyes. “There’s something we arrived with that we can’t leave without.”
“What is that?” Verna asked.
“The cure to the plague that has killed so many humans,” he said. “We barely escaped with our lives. And we need to get our revenge.”
Verna’s features softened. “A plague is not something that can be fixed with medical supplies,” she said gently.
“But . . . but . . . what about magic?” Andrea asked.
“Now that is something that I need to discuss with the rest of the tribe,” Verna said.
“Does it really need to be discussed, though?” Andrea asked. “It would save the world.”
“I don’t mean that,” Verna chided gently. “I mean that all of our powers combined is the only thing enough to cure a plague that powerful.”
Andrea dug her fingernails into her palms. This was big, bigger than she’d realized. All of the Zahteva needed to agree. Not just Verna. “Just please,” Andrea begged. “Try to get them to.”
Verna’s eyes shone. “I will,” she whispered, taking brisk steps to reach the room of medical supplies, disappearing down the stairwell.
Darian held her hand through the long moment, ever stretching. It was the only anchor through her swirling thoughts.
Eventually, Verna arrived back up the stairs. She entered their room, and for once, Andrea had something louder than her thoughts: her pounding heart.
“I’ve got some news,” she said. Not “good” or “bad.” Just “news,” which made it ever more impossible to read Verna. “The rest of the Zahteva have agreed to try to not only cure the plague, but to prevent it from ever recurring.”
Giri/Haji is a 2019 Netflix original crime drama that focuses on a detective from Tokyo that travels to London to track down his ex-Yakuza brother. Whew. That sounds exciting, but wait, there’s more! Even beyond it’s incredible story and characters, the way the show is presented is full of creativity and originality. For once, you really, truly won’t find a show like this anywhere else.
The story takes place simultaneously is Tokyo and London, and as a result utilizes both the Japanese and English languages. I’d say the story spends more time in London, and in English, but it’s fairly even, since there are quite a few full Japanese conversations while in London. The story is full of twists and turns, even within it’s short 8 episode run. Personally, I found the story absolutely enthralling. Plus, the way it is told was a unique experience for me. Most of the show is shot in the usual live action sense, but there are snippets of 2D animation (which looks fantastic!) and even a totally unexpected but killer interpretive dance scene. The show’s creator, writer, and executive producer, Joe Barton, said, “I’ve never had one of my TV shows greenlit before, it felt mad that we were being allowed to make this show at all and I wanted to throw everything at it, just in case they never let me make another one.” The sheer creativity and number of brilliant ideas in this show is insane! The last few scenes of episode 4 were so phenomenal that I thought the show had peaked there, but it just kept getting better! It’s some of the best television I’ve ever seen. The comedic, serious, and highly emotional scenes are balanced better than any other show I can remember, and I’ve watched a lot of TV.
The show’s main focus is on family, redemption, and morality. When do you let someone, or something, go? How much can you forgive someone for? How far will you go for your family, and does being family even demand you to act at all?
Giri/Haji itself means, in Japanese, “Duty/Shame”. These ideas are important to keep in mind as you meet each character. Each of them has a duty – to their family, to their jobs, and to themselves. They also each have shame, either because of something they did in the past, something that is currently occurring in their lives, or something that happens during the show, sometimes even a mix of all three! To understand the characters of this show, you must understand how duty and shame relate to each of them.
The show has a fairly big cast, seeing as it focuses on two of the world’s biggest and most influential cities, but the show manages to stay personal with its very human and very real characters. First we have our main lead, Kenzo Mori (Takehiro Hira), a world-weary Tokyo detective that travels to London to find his brother, risking a huge and destructive gang war back home if he doesn’t. There’s also Yuto Mori (Yōsuke Kubozuka), Kenzo’s ex-Yakuza brother who was thought to be dead. Our other main lead is alienated London detective Sarah Weitzmann (Kelly Macdonald). The show also features a drug addict half-Japanese half-British rent boy named Rodney Yamaguchi (Will Sharpe), who befriends Sarah, Kenzo, and even Taki Mori (Aoi Okuyama), Kenzo’s rebellious daughter who runs away from her home in Japan to follow her father across the globe. That’s the main crew in London, alongside the mafia that’s present there, while the story in Tokyo focuses on Kenzo’s family, which is slowly falling apart, and his coworkers who are trying desperately to prevent a war between the Yakuza.
The acting in this show is incredible, as actors navigate both their native and a foreign language, as well as the cultures that accompany them, on top of the already complicated emotions and characters they need to portray. The acting in this show is some of the best I’ve ever seen, and when something’s as good as this, it can’t really be put into words. It needs to be watched.
In short, this show has a lot to offer, and those expecting something simple or genre-specific from it would be wrong. It’s not a traditional crime show, and it’s not a traditional thriller. It’s not a traditional romance, and it’s not a traditional drama. This show really isn’t a traditional anything – it is nothing if not stylistically bold. It’s not wrapped in metaphors and symbolism in an art film way though – it’s unique, creative, and downright spectacular. In fact, I’d given it a confident 10/10.
This show really flew under the radar – I’ve hardly heard anyone talk about it, both this year and last. It is undoubtedly the most underrated show I’ve ever seen, and a true hidden gem. So it feels like my duty to recommend this show to everyone. It’s got some mature themes, but nothing anyone over the age of 15 can’t handle. For now the show only has one season, with the ending leaving room for a second but not needing it. Giri/Haji is only available on Netflix in the US and most other countries, but is also available on BBC in the UK.
Back in Cavendish,1848, the start of an amazing discovery took place. Phineas Gage leads a railroad construction team. At the time, he was a reliable foreman and knew his men well. His boss always thought Phineas was the best foreman they had ever had. Well before the accident happened, that is. His job was to blast rocks to make way for the railroad, and it almost killed him. Phineas was just in the wrong place at the wrong time. Something was off this time because he got distracted and was just sitting with his favorite tool, the tamping iron, when the explosion shoots it into his head. Normally this would have killed somebody, but not too long after Phineas was talking, moving and was even able to be cheerful.
When Dr. Harlow, the local Cavendish doctor, saw Phineas, he didn’t think it was too serious. Phineas believes this too and says that he “does not care to see his friends, as he shall be at work in a few days.” Dr. Harlow drains and dresses the wound but claims that “god healed him.” His youth, iron constitution, good luck, and good care also played a big role in him healing. When Phineas finally gets back at work, he is different. He is much nastier and ruder to his coworkers, eventually, they get tired of his attitude, and the boss fires him.
Phineas’ injury supports two opposing beliefs about the brain. ”Both sides seize him as proof of their beliefs” says John Fleischman, author of “Phineas Gage A Gruesome but True Story About Brain Science”. The Whole Brainers and the localizers. The Whole Brainers thought that the brain was one intelligence and if one part was harmed, the thoughts that went there could just go somewhere else. Among their beliefs is one that explains how the brain is made up of formless jelly, which is where thoughts and commands come from. One of the doctors that looked at Phineas’ case, Dr. Bigelow, was a Whole Brainer. The way Phineas’ injury backs up the Whole Brainers is him still being able to move and functioning even with a hole in his brain. The opposing side, the Localizers believed that the brain is made up of sections that control emotions. The bumps and divots on the skull can tell what kind of person they are or will be. For example, if there’s a depression over a certain organ they won’t be as affectionate towards kids. Dr. Nelson Sizer is a bigtime localizer in New England because of all the speeches he gave about phrenology. Another Localizer was Dr. Harlow, the man who helped Phineas “recover” and dressed his wounds. Phineas’ injury supports the Localizers by how his personality changed after the incident. He went from trusting and amiable to ill-mannered. In any case both sides were mostly wrong, but did end up leading to the right ideas.
Phineas travels all around from then on and never ended up returning to Cavendish or his mother’s home in New Hampshire. Wherever he went, the tamping iron that put the hole in his head, went with him. After roaming through New England, he finally ends up P.T. Barnum’s American Museum on Broadway in Ney York City. There are rumors that Phineas worked at this freak show. He brought a model of his skull and demonstrated how the tamping iron went into his skull. People could read the full story in the pamphlet and for just ten cents extra they could look at the top of his head to see part of his brain through the thin, sort of translucent, layer of skin. Nobody knows how much of this is this is the truth and how much is just a rumor, but it was confirmed that he was in New York.
Phineas’ health was good so, in 1852, his next stop was in Chile. While he may have had problems with people, he got along with horses just fine. So that’s why for seven years he was a stagecoach. He controlled the reins of six horses to take people to and from Santiago and Valparaiso, Chile.
This book was really good, it is now one of my favorites ever. It has some really good points about things that are still present in today’s society. The Hate U Give also discusses racism and how it can affect the people that it is directed to. I would definitely give this a look if I were you.
The Hate U Give starts off with Starr. She is an African-American girl going to a party with her sister. However, a fight starts and Starr and Khalil leave, a friend she hasn’t seen in a while. They are driving along the road when they are pulled over by a cop. Khalil asks why he was pulled over, and instead of answering, the cop pulls him out of the car and attempts to arrest Khalil. Starr gets out and Khalil asks if she is okay. When she is about to answer, Khalil gets shot 3 times by the cop. The whole story blossoms out from here. We learn about Starr and Khalil’s friendship, more about what happened to Khalil and more about Starr’s background.
We see a lot of her friends and where she goes to school. It’s a fancy private school which is a cause of teasing and sometimes anger among some people. While reading the book, you witness protests and fights between Starr and her friends and people at large. Starr goes through a lot of things such as being interrogated and going to court. She meets new people that help her and old friends that don’t.
As I stated previously, this is now one of my favorite books. It talks about things like racism and helps you get a better idea of how it impacts people. Such as part of the main idea of this book, cops are let off if they kill a black person just because they felt “threatened”. As you could see in this book, the cop wasn’t ever in danger, the supposed “gun” was just a hairbrush that Khalil was carrying in his car. You can feel for Starr and what is happening to her even if it has never happened to you. I would definitely recommend reading this book.
“What is Penicillin’s type of bonding?” Dr. Fleming wondered.
“Penicillin acts on bacteria by preventing cell wall formation. Once in the body, it is taken up into bacterial cells. These cells then try to divide and form more cells, which bonds irreversibly to a key enzyme for cell wall production. It is pretty cool actually,” Roni said.
“That does sound extraordinary! So you are basically telling me that this is a life-saving drug,” Dr. Fleming glances at the fungus and asks, “How is this made?”
“Well, penicillin is made from Penicillium mold, which is made in deep fermentation tanks by adding a kind of sugar and other ingredients. But eventually, scientists isolate Penicillin from the fungus.” Roni said as he sat on the couch in the office.
“Whoa, how did you know the answers so suddenly?!” Dr. Fleming said surprised by how fast Roni answered him.
“My grandma would read me my favorite book about Penicillin. It had every fact, and you are even in it!” Roni said happily but then turned sad, “but now I may never read the book again or see my grandma. I should have never wished to go back in time. I wish to go home.”
After surviving the phase of the Ordeal, the hero receives a Reward. According to the writings of Vogler, the reward represents either a symbol of their survival or a physical trophy. Dorothy is rewarded with knowledge and the trophy of the Witch’s broomstick. Dorothy’s knowledge is represented through the Wicked Witch’s death. She returns from the Wicked Witch’s castle with the old woman’s broomstick in hand. She expects that the Wizard of Oz, as promised, will send her home to Kansas. “Can I believe my eyes? Why, have you come back? …Please, sir. We’ve done what you told us. We’ve brought you the broomstick of the Wicked Witch of the West. We melted her. … Oh …you liquidated her, eh? Very… resourceful! … Yes, sir. So we’d like you to keep your promise to us, if you please, sir, (1:57:02-1:59:16, Wizard of Oz).”
As Vogler wrote, the reward may be represented as a physical trophy and a symbol. In Dorothy’s case, the reward is represented as both the physical trophy of the Witch’s broomstick and the symbol of the knowledge of the Witch’s death. In his writings, Vogler had stated that the hero’s reward may be a physical trophy or even the act of learning a lesson. In the story of Beowulf, the hero’s reward consists of the claw of the slayed ogre-demon, Grendel, and gifts and tools for a Warlord. “.. as the hall-thanes eyed the awful proof of the hero’s prowess, the splayed hand up under the eaves. Every nail, claw-scale and spur, every spike and welt o the hand of the heathen brute was like barbed steel. Everybody said there was no honed iron hard enough to pierce him through, no time-proofed blade that could cute his brutal, blood-caked claw, (Haney 979-989).” Hrothgar gifted Beowulf with an embroidered banner, breast-mail, a sword, and a helmet with an “embossed ridge”. Other gifts that were present to the hero are eight fine horses, a saddle with a “sumptuous design”, and the price, in gold, for the Geat who was killed in the battle with Grendel, (1019-1047).
The Road Back
According to Christopher Vogler’s writings on the Hero’s Journey, The Road Back is when the hero “begins to deal with the consequences of confronting the dark forces of the Ordeal.” The Road Back acts as a point in the story, is where the hero realizes they must return to the Ordinary World and leave the Special World behind. The Wizard gives the Scarecrow, the Lion, and the Tin Man their Rewards: the degree, the medal for valor, and the ticking heart. However, when it is time for Dorothy to finally be able to travel home to Kansas in the basket of a balloon, Toto jumps out of Dorothy’s arms to chase a cat. Dorothy runs after the meager terrier, and the balloon rises out of reach, taking the Wizard away with it.
Dorothy’s first effort on the Road Back is met with failure, however, Glinda, the Good Witch of the North, appears to aid and show Dorothy the way home. “Come back! Oh, don’t go without me! I’ll be right back! Toto! … This is a highly irregular procedure! This is absolutely unprecedented! … Oh! Come back! Don’t go without me! Please come back…I can’t come back! I don’t know how it works…Oh, now I’ll never get home! …Oh, that’s very kind of you — but this could never be like Kansas. Auntie Em must have stopped wondering what happened to me by now. Oh, Scarecrow, what am I going to do? Oh, will you help me? Can you help me? …You don’t need to be helped any longer. You’ve always had the power to go back to Kansas, (2:02:26-2:03:48, Wizard of Oz).”
Vogler had written of the Road Back being the point in the story where the hero realizes that they belong back in the Ordinary world, rather than the vibrant, “Special World”. In this scene, Dorothy comes to realize that she would rather be back in bleak, boring Kansas and with the people she loves, then in a world she isn’t used to. In the story of Beowulf, the phase of The Road Back, represents the hero confronting the consequences of the Ordeal. In the case of Beowulf, the hero fights Grendel’s Mother, once she attacks Heorot after Grendel was killed. Beowulf makes a speech to the Danes, stating he will get revenge against the murder of Aeschere, King Hrothgar’s advisor, and he also tells the King to step up and lead his people as the king he is, not as someone who grieves at the wrong time. “Wise sir do not grieve. It is always better to avenge dear ones than to indulge in mourning. heroic code that For every one of us, living in this world means waiting for our end. Let whoever can win glory before death. When a warrior is gone, that will be his best and only bulwark. So arise, my lord, and let us immediately set forth on the trail of this troll-dam. I guarantee you: she will not get away, not to dens underground nor upland groves nor the ocean floor. She’ll have nowhere to flee to. Endure your troubles to-day. Bear up and be the man I expect you to be, (Heaney 1384-196).”
According to the writings of Vogler, the resurrection phase of the Hero’s Journey acts as a “final exam” for the hero. The hero is tested to see whether or not they have fully learned from the Ordeal. Dorothy is resurrected when she finds, courtesy of her mentor, Glinda, The Good Witch of the North, that she had the ability to return home since the magic slippers appeared on her feet. Glinda explains that Dorothy needed to learn the lessons of her Journey before she was able to receive her full reward. Dorothy comes to realize to get her Reward, she must believe in her herself as well as her ability to carry out different adventures in the world she is in. “Because she wouldn’t have believed me. She had to learn it for herself. … What have you learned, Dorothy? … Well, I — I think that it — that it wasn’t enough just to want to see Uncle Henry and Auntie Em — and it’s that – if I ever go looking for my heart’s desire again, I won’t look any further than my own backyard. Because if it isn’t there, I never really lost it to begin with! Is that right? … That’s all it is! … No. She had to find it out for herself. Now, those magic slippers will take you home in two seconds! (2:10:00-2:12:03, Wizard of Oz).”
Dorothy’s “final exam” had been to think back on what she and learned throughout her journey. As Vogler states, the Resurrection phase of the Hero’s Journey, portrays the responding to the new threat that was introduced in the Road Back. For Beowulf, he pledges to kill Grendel’s mother, or to die trying, as he had towards the beginning of the story. (1473 – 1491). “Then he saw a blade that boded well, Beowulf discovers a sword in her armory, an ancient heirloom slays his opponent from the days of the giants, an ideal weapon, one that any warrior would envy, but so huge and heavy of itself only Beowulf could wield it in a battle. So the Shielding’s’ hero, hard-pressed and enraged, took a firm hold of the hilt and swung the blade in an arc, a resolute blow that bit deep into her neck-bone and severed it entirely, toppling the doomed house of her flesh; she fell to the floor. The sword dripped blood, the swordsman was elated, (1557 – 1569).”
“Well, the simplest way to explain it is that we are Asimatics,” Polla said. “There is a certain energy, a certain magic in the world, and we know how to harness it. Magic has the potential to do anything. We can control that potential.”
“Asimatics,” Andrea whispered, testing out the word. “And you’re trusting us with this secret?”
“Well . . .” Verna’s cheeks reddened. “When I first found you two, I did a test of trustworthiness on your mind. And don’t worry,” she said when Andrea paled. “It didn’t harm you. I was simply seeing if I could trust you.”
“She did it on me too,” said Darian.
“You can leave at any time you wish,” a male Zahteva with turquoise hair said. “Verna was just healing you so you can go back home.”
“That was Umbrus,” Verna said in her ear. It was hard to keep all of the names of the small crowd before her straight.
But her mind was buzzing with something she’d tried to ignore for so long.
A wave of dizziness hit her, and she had to focus on breathing before she said, “I don’t have a home to go back to.”
Darian grabbed her wrist gently. “I wanted to make sure it was okay with you before I told them.”
Andrea nodded through her tears.
“Well,” Darian said. “A monstrous plague attacked all of the royals except us. We are the only living monarchs left.”
The realization left the Zahteva tribe stunned silent. Verna finally whispered, “I’m so sorry. Both of you.” Andrea’s lips trembled as Darian pulled her into a hug.
“I think it’s time we took Andrea back inside,” Verna said, sharing a meaningful look with the rest of the tribe. Polla stepped forward, helping the two others carry Andrea’s cot back into the Hollow.
Andrea pulled a sharp breath in as Darian took a seat in a wooden chair next to her cot, after Polla and Verna stepped aside into the room of the supplies to talk. “You don’t have to do this, you know,” she mumbled.
“Do what?” he asked.
“Just sitting. And watching over me. You should be having fun somewhere, not watching a sick girl lie in a cot.”
“I have nothing else to do,” he said in a trembling voice, his eyes taking on a teary sheen. “Everyone is dead. We’re broken. And . . .” His face paled.